E-ISSN 2146-8354
 

Educational Strategies 


Patient-centred medicine: The use of expert patients in medical education

Kenrick Kai Chi Chan, George Samoutis.

Abstract
Patient-centred medicine (PCM) involves looking at more than just a disease and how to treat it. It has evolved from the realisation that all patients are different physiologically, psychologically, emotionally, and socially, and it therefore encompasses all of these domains in its application.

The mainstay of this approach is the promotion of a mutual relationship between patient and doctor that involves creating a secure environment to allow for open dialogue. By learning to listen to patients, and exploring other causes of disease other than physiological ones, doctors are able to provide a holistic approach to treatment. Patients are also actively encouraged to participate in the decision making process by adding their ideas, concerns and expectations. This negotiation allows for flexibility and individualisation of each treatment plan that is tailored to suit each individual patient. In essence, PCM encourages concordance: the agreement between doctor and patient on how to proceed towards a common goal.

It is therefore important to teach medical students about PCM as early on in their medical education as possible. This will give them time to hone skills in communication so that they can better understand and explore their patientís circumstances as well be aware of other domains that may require support.

But how can medical schools effectively teach their students PCM? Here we suggest the use of expert patients as a beneficial method for promoting PCM in medical school curriculums as students have the opportunity to gain first hand knowledge of what a patient with a specific disease actually feels, what impact it has on their lives and those around them, and what support they find lacking or useful.

Key words: Patient, centered, medicine, expert, holistic


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Chan KKC, Samoutis G, . Patient-centred medicine: The use of expert patients in medical education. J Contemp Med Edu. 2020; 10(3): 84-86. doi:10.5455/jcme.20200129092612


Web Style

Chan KKC, Samoutis G, . Patient-centred medicine: The use of expert patients in medical education. http://www.jcmedu.org/?mno=83485 [Access: April 20, 2020]. doi:10.5455/jcme.20200129092612


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Chan KKC, Samoutis G, . Patient-centred medicine: The use of expert patients in medical education. J Contemp Med Edu. 2020; 10(3): 84-86. doi:10.5455/jcme.20200129092612



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Chan KKC, Samoutis G, . Patient-centred medicine: The use of expert patients in medical education. J Contemp Med Edu. (2020), [cited April 20, 2020]; 10(3): 84-86. doi:10.5455/jcme.20200129092612



Harvard Style

Chan, K. K. C., Samoutis, G. & (2020) Patient-centred medicine: The use of expert patients in medical education. J Contemp Med Edu, 10 (3), 84-86. doi:10.5455/jcme.20200129092612



Turabian Style

Chan, Kenrick Kai Chi, George Samoutis, and . 2020. Patient-centred medicine: The use of expert patients in medical education. Journal of Contemporary Medical Education, 10 (3), 84-86. doi:10.5455/jcme.20200129092612



Chicago Style

Chan, Kenrick Kai Chi, George Samoutis, and . "Patient-centred medicine: The use of expert patients in medical education." Journal of Contemporary Medical Education 10 (2020), 84-86. doi:10.5455/jcme.20200129092612



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Chan, Kenrick Kai Chi, George Samoutis, and . "Patient-centred medicine: The use of expert patients in medical education." Journal of Contemporary Medical Education 10.3 (2020), 84-86. Print. doi:10.5455/jcme.20200129092612



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Chan, K. K. C., Samoutis, G. & (2020) Patient-centred medicine: The use of expert patients in medical education. Journal of Contemporary Medical Education, 10 (3), 84-86. doi:10.5455/jcme.20200129092612





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