E-ISSN 2146-8354
 

Original Research 


Teaching behaviour change skills to undergraduate medical students

Ian Grey, Bayan Al Saihati.

Cited by (3)

Abstract
This study investigates the effects of a three-week student project where students selected a healthbehaviour and implemented a self-management program to increase or decrease that behavior. Behaviours were (1) smoking reduction, (2) caffeine reduction, (3) reduction in consumption of saturated fats, (4) increasing physical activity and (5) increasing consumption of fruit and vegetables. 121 first year medical students conducted a seven day baseline assessment of the selected behavior. Students implemented a behavior change program over fourteen consecutive days based upon 2 hours of lecture material covering principles of operant learning, the Health Belief Model and the Theory of Planned Behavior. Students also completed pre and post questionnaires on identifying barriers to change and experiences of the project. Results indicated substantial changes in targeted behaviours. The most frequently used interventions were positive reinforcement (64%), goal setting (63%) and activity scheduling (47%). Students indicated positive attitudes to the project. Providing students with experience of application of behavior change principles on themselves offers one route to the establishing behaviour change as a clinical competency. However, disparities and lack of focus in existing social and behavioural science curricula may mitigate against the prioritization of this skill being established.

Key words: Behaviour change, Behaviour and illness, Medical student


 
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REFERENCES
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7. Nairn, R. G, Coverdale, J. H, &Elkind, G. S (1995). Teaching the principles of behaviour change to medical students: evaluation of a program. Medical Education. 6, 443-448. [DOI via Crossref]   
8. Grey, I. M, Honan, R, McClean B, & Daly M. (2005). Evaluating the effectiveness of teacher training in applied behaviour analysis. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 9 (3), 209-227. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
9. Lewis, J. L, Stokes, D. R, Flischetti, L. R & Rutledge A. L. (1998) Using the patient as teacher: A training method for family practice residents in behavioural science. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice: 19, 349-352. [DOI via Crossref]   
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This Article Cited By the following articles

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ian Grey, Bayan Al Saihati. Teaching behaviour change skills to undergraduate medical students. J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(4): 231-237. doi:10.5455/jcme.20131105073307


Web Style

Ian Grey, Bayan Al Saihati. Teaching behaviour change skills to undergraduate medical students. http://www.jcmedu.org/?mno=43254 [Access: April 20, 2020]. doi:10.5455/jcme.20131105073307


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ian Grey, Bayan Al Saihati. Teaching behaviour change skills to undergraduate medical students. J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(4): 231-237. doi:10.5455/jcme.20131105073307



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ian Grey, Bayan Al Saihati. Teaching behaviour change skills to undergraduate medical students. J Contemp Med Edu. (2013), [cited April 20, 2020]; 1(4): 231-237. doi:10.5455/jcme.20131105073307



Harvard Style

Ian Grey, Bayan Al Saihati (2013) Teaching behaviour change skills to undergraduate medical students. J Contemp Med Edu, 1 (4), 231-237. doi:10.5455/jcme.20131105073307



Turabian Style

Ian Grey, Bayan Al Saihati. 2013. Teaching behaviour change skills to undergraduate medical students. Journal of Contemporary Medical Education, 1 (4), 231-237. doi:10.5455/jcme.20131105073307



Chicago Style

Ian Grey, Bayan Al Saihati. "Teaching behaviour change skills to undergraduate medical students." Journal of Contemporary Medical Education 1 (2013), 231-237. doi:10.5455/jcme.20131105073307



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ian Grey, Bayan Al Saihati. "Teaching behaviour change skills to undergraduate medical students." Journal of Contemporary Medical Education 1.4 (2013), 231-237. Print. doi:10.5455/jcme.20131105073307



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ian Grey, Bayan Al Saihati (2013) Teaching behaviour change skills to undergraduate medical students. Journal of Contemporary Medical Education, 1 (4), 231-237. doi:10.5455/jcme.20131105073307





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