E-ISSN 2146-8354
 

Original Research 


A Computer-supported Collaborative Learning Environment in Medical Education: The Importance for Educators to Consider Medical Studentsí Motivation.

Willem Koops, Cees van der Vleuten.

Abstract
Objective: In a social-constructivist learning approach students are considered as active participants who construct knowledge collaboratively. When medical students are dispersed among different hospitals during their elective they are often not able to learn collaboratively. A Computer-supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) environment could be suitable to medical students to efficiently organise collaborative learning activities. The success of CSCL depends on studentsí motivation to participate in the online discourse. Although medical students are commonly considered to be highly intrinsically motivated, the educational approach in medical education is still externally regulated and highly controlled. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore whether an autonomous CSCL environment is more suitable to support an intrinsically motivated medical student and whether a controlled CSCL environment is more suitable to support an extrinsically motivated medical student.
Methods: In a controlled study design, fifty-two medical students participated in a discussion task on a forum in either an autonomous or a controlled CSCL environment. Studentsí perceptions were asked on their competence to solve the task, on their motivational growth, and on the autonomy support of the learning environment.
Results: Twenty-nine students (56%) were considered as extrinsically motivated. Studentsí pre- and post-scores showed significant differences on their motivational growth in either the autonomous or the controlled CSCL environment.
Conclusion: It is important for educators to consider studentsí motivation when planning and delivering education by using a CSCL learning environment. After conducting a scripted task in a CSCL environment specifically designed to their motivation, extrinsically as well as intrinsically motivated medical students show motivational growth.

Key words: computer-mediated communication; self-determination theory; cooperative/collaborative learning; interactive learning environments.


 
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Pubmed Style

Willem Koops, Cees van der Vleuten. A Computer-supported Collaborative Learning Environment in Medical Education: The Importance for Educators to Consider Medical Studentsí Motivation. . J Contemp Med Edu. 2018; 8(1): 10-17. doi:10.5455/jcme.20180328022926


Web Style

Willem Koops, Cees van der Vleuten. A Computer-supported Collaborative Learning Environment in Medical Education: The Importance for Educators to Consider Medical Studentsí Motivation. . http://www.jcmedu.org/?mno=293420 [Access: April 20, 2020]. doi:10.5455/jcme.20180328022926


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Willem Koops, Cees van der Vleuten. A Computer-supported Collaborative Learning Environment in Medical Education: The Importance for Educators to Consider Medical Studentsí Motivation. . J Contemp Med Edu. 2018; 8(1): 10-17. doi:10.5455/jcme.20180328022926



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Willem Koops, Cees van der Vleuten. A Computer-supported Collaborative Learning Environment in Medical Education: The Importance for Educators to Consider Medical Studentsí Motivation. . J Contemp Med Edu. (2018), [cited April 20, 2020]; 8(1): 10-17. doi:10.5455/jcme.20180328022926



Harvard Style

Willem Koops, Cees van der Vleuten (2018) A Computer-supported Collaborative Learning Environment in Medical Education: The Importance for Educators to Consider Medical Studentsí Motivation. . J Contemp Med Edu, 8 (1), 10-17. doi:10.5455/jcme.20180328022926



Turabian Style

Willem Koops, Cees van der Vleuten. 2018. A Computer-supported Collaborative Learning Environment in Medical Education: The Importance for Educators to Consider Medical Studentsí Motivation. . Journal of Contemporary Medical Education, 8 (1), 10-17. doi:10.5455/jcme.20180328022926



Chicago Style

Willem Koops, Cees van der Vleuten. "A Computer-supported Collaborative Learning Environment in Medical Education: The Importance for Educators to Consider Medical Studentsí Motivation. ." Journal of Contemporary Medical Education 8 (2018), 10-17. doi:10.5455/jcme.20180328022926



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Willem Koops, Cees van der Vleuten. "A Computer-supported Collaborative Learning Environment in Medical Education: The Importance for Educators to Consider Medical Studentsí Motivation. ." Journal of Contemporary Medical Education 8.1 (2018), 10-17. Print. doi:10.5455/jcme.20180328022926



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Willem Koops, Cees van der Vleuten (2018) A Computer-supported Collaborative Learning Environment in Medical Education: The Importance for Educators to Consider Medical Studentsí Motivation. . Journal of Contemporary Medical Education, 8 (1), 10-17. doi:10.5455/jcme.20180328022926





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