E-ISSN 2146-8354
 

Original Research 


The impact of early exposure to standardized patient interviews on communication skills among pre-clinical BA/MD students: A mixed methods study

Edwin Kraemer, Nathan Driskill, Angellar Manguvo, Jennifer Quaintance.

Abstract
Objectives: To investigate whether participation in formative standardized patient interviews (SPIs) earlier in the curriculum of a 6-year accelerated BA/MD program would improve students’ communication skills, as well as to explore self-perceptions of the development of those skills.

Methods: We randomly selected 23 Year 2 students to participate in an Intervention, and then purposively selected 23 matching students for a Control group. All participants underwent the usual educational experiences; however, participants in the Intervention group also experienced four video-recorded SPIs over the course of the academic year. Formative feedback was provided to the students by the standardized patients, and subsequently by faculty who viewed the videos. Participants in the Intervention group and their faculty periodically completed self-report surveys. During the first semester of Year 3, all students underwent a series of three SPI-based Clinical Performance Assessments (CPAs), assessing communication skills, professionalism, and history taking. We then compared the CPA scores of the Intervention and the Control groups. We also examined survey responses quantitatively and qualitatively to determine faculty and students’ self-perceptions.

Results: The Intervention group scored significantly higher than the Control group in the total score for the three CPAs. Survey responses showed that early participation in SPIs enhanced students’ comfort level and skills in interviewing “real” patients.

Conclusions: This study suggests that earlier implementation of pre-clinical SPIs provides valuable formative assessment to students on their communication and patient interviewing skills, and prepares them for future standardized and “real” patient encounters.

Key words: Standardized patient interviews, Communication skills, Professionalism


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Edwin Kraemer
Articles by Nathan Driskill
Articles by Angellar Manguvo
Articles by Jennifer Quaintance
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1577
Downloaded: 159
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kraemer E, Driskill N, Manguvo A, Quaintance J, . The impact of early exposure to standardized patient interviews on communication skills among pre-clinical BA/MD students: A mixed methods study. J Contemp Med Edu. 2019; 9(1): 21-33. doi:10.5455/jcme.20190104081441


Web Style

Kraemer E, Driskill N, Manguvo A, Quaintance J, . The impact of early exposure to standardized patient interviews on communication skills among pre-clinical BA/MD students: A mixed methods study. http://www.jcmedu.org/?mno=24607 [Access: November 15, 2019]. doi:10.5455/jcme.20190104081441


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kraemer E, Driskill N, Manguvo A, Quaintance J, . The impact of early exposure to standardized patient interviews on communication skills among pre-clinical BA/MD students: A mixed methods study. J Contemp Med Edu. 2019; 9(1): 21-33. doi:10.5455/jcme.20190104081441



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kraemer E, Driskill N, Manguvo A, Quaintance J, . The impact of early exposure to standardized patient interviews on communication skills among pre-clinical BA/MD students: A mixed methods study. J Contemp Med Edu. (2019), [cited November 15, 2019]; 9(1): 21-33. doi:10.5455/jcme.20190104081441



Harvard Style

Kraemer, E., Driskill, . N., Manguvo, . A., Quaintance, . J. & (2019) The impact of early exposure to standardized patient interviews on communication skills among pre-clinical BA/MD students: A mixed methods study. J Contemp Med Edu, 9 (1), 21-33. doi:10.5455/jcme.20190104081441



Turabian Style

Kraemer, Edwin, Nathan Driskill, Angellar Manguvo, Jennifer Quaintance, and . 2019. The impact of early exposure to standardized patient interviews on communication skills among pre-clinical BA/MD students: A mixed methods study. Journal of Contemporary Medical Education, 9 (1), 21-33. doi:10.5455/jcme.20190104081441



Chicago Style

Kraemer, Edwin, Nathan Driskill, Angellar Manguvo, Jennifer Quaintance, and . "The impact of early exposure to standardized patient interviews on communication skills among pre-clinical BA/MD students: A mixed methods study." Journal of Contemporary Medical Education 9 (2019), 21-33. doi:10.5455/jcme.20190104081441



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kraemer, Edwin, Nathan Driskill, Angellar Manguvo, Jennifer Quaintance, and . "The impact of early exposure to standardized patient interviews on communication skills among pre-clinical BA/MD students: A mixed methods study." Journal of Contemporary Medical Education 9.1 (2019), 21-33. Print. doi:10.5455/jcme.20190104081441



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kraemer, E., Driskill, . N., Manguvo, . A., Quaintance, . J. & (2019) The impact of early exposure to standardized patient interviews on communication skills among pre-clinical BA/MD students: A mixed methods study. Journal of Contemporary Medical Education, 9 (1), 21-33. doi:10.5455/jcme.20190104081441





Most Viewed Articles
  • The impact of gender and English language on the academic performance of students: An experience from new Saudi medical school
    Najwa Al-Mously, Raneem Salem, Nasser Al-Hamdan
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(3): 170-176
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130226121358

  • Oral medicine and radiology- the Indian scenario
    Shishir Ram Shetty, Mansib M Shaik, Subhas G Babu
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(1): 59-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20121220032624

  • Non scholae sed vitae discimus (Not for school but for life we learn): Thoughts on the traditional lecture in medical education
    Thomas Efferth
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(2): 69-72
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130226121738

  • Knowledge, attitude & practices of medical students and teachers towards clinical research in a tertiary care hospital in Mumbai – cross sectional survey
    Dinesh K Dhodi, Karan B Thakkar, Gauri Billa, Akash A Khobragade, Shyamal R Sinha, Sadiq B Patel
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(4): 238-244
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130608045519

  • The relationship between spirituality and burnout among medical students
    Amy Wachholtz, MaiLan Rogoff
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(2): 83-91
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130104060612

  • The use of mind maps as support in medical education
    Virgílio Vasconcelos Vilela, Lilian Carla Pereira Barbosa, Ana Luisa Miranda-Vilela, Leopoldo Luiz Santos Neto
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(4): 199-206
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130407082647

  • Five-year trend of competitiveness and knowledge-gaining attitude of university students; Evaluation based on an event of continuing health sciences education
    Fujio Takayama, Yoshiko Amikura, Sudhakar John, Vidyasagar Devaprasad Dedeepiya, Rajappa Senthilkumar, Govindan Venkataramani, Kottoorathu Mammen Cherian, Hajib Naraharirao Madhavan, David W Green, Masahiko Matsumoto, Shoji Suzuki, Masaru Iwasaki, Senthilkumar Preethy , Samuel JK Abraham
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(2): 92-99
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130115055107

  • Biochemistry handouts covering all lecture topics as study guide to focus during exam preparation in first year medical undergraduates in India
    Mamata Vishnu Hegde, Sarita Vijay Agrawal, Parduman Singh, Samir Anil Singru
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(1): 33-39
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20121113112005

  • Comparing the borderline group and borderline regression approaches to setting Objective Structured Clinical Examination cut scores
    Katharine Jane Reid, Agnes Dodds
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2014; 2(1): 8-12
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130921013523

  • Use of non-standard abbreviations and symbols in medical prescriptions: implications for patients' health
    Tamayo Rodríguez M, González Valverde FM, Pérez-Fernández P, Madrigal de Torres M, Pérez Cárceles MD, Osuna Carrillo de Albornoz E
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(1): 54-58
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20121113112507

  • Most Downloaded
  • Communication skills for medical students – An overview
    Ramesh Ramasamy, Sathish Babu Murugaiyan, Rachel Shalini, Kuzhandai Velu Vengadapathy, Niranjan Gopal
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2014; 2(2): 134-140
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20140321110500

  • Oral medicine and radiology- the Indian scenario
    Shishir Ram Shetty, Mansib M Shaik, Subhas G Babu
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(1): 59-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20121220032624

  • The impact of gender and English language on the academic performance of students: An experience from new Saudi medical school
    Najwa Al-Mously, Raneem Salem, Nasser Al-Hamdan
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(3): 170-176
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130226121358

  • Five-year trend of competitiveness and knowledge-gaining attitude of university students; Evaluation based on an event of continuing health sciences education
    Fujio Takayama, Yoshiko Amikura, Sudhakar John, Vidyasagar Devaprasad Dedeepiya, Rajappa Senthilkumar, Govindan Venkataramani, Kottoorathu Mammen Cherian, Hajib Naraharirao Madhavan, David W Green, Masahiko Matsumoto, Shoji Suzuki, Masaru Iwasaki, Senthilkumar Preethy , Samuel JK Abraham
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(2): 92-99
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130115055107

  • Assessment of Emotional Intelligence in Pediatric and Med-Peds Residents
    Ramzan Shahid, Jerold Stirling, William Adams
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2016; 4(4): 153-158
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20170116015415

  • DIFFERENCES IN MULTIPLE CHOICE AND SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS PERFORMANCE AMONG MEDICAL AND DENTAL TRAINEES AS REFLECTED IN THEIR ANATOMY COURSE
    Lawan Hassan Adamu, Ashiru Hassan Yusuf, Magaji Garba Taura
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2018; 6(1): 6-13
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20170706060134

  • The relationship between spirituality and burnout among medical students
    Amy Wachholtz, MaiLan Rogoff
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(2): 83-91
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130104060612

  • The use of mind maps as support in medical education
    Virgílio Vasconcelos Vilela, Lilian Carla Pereira Barbosa, Ana Luisa Miranda-Vilela, Leopoldo Luiz Santos Neto
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(4): 199-206
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130407082647

  • Knowledge, attitude & practices of medical students and teachers towards clinical research in a tertiary care hospital in Mumbai – cross sectional survey
    Dinesh K Dhodi, Karan B Thakkar, Gauri Billa, Akash A Khobragade, Shyamal R Sinha, Sadiq B Patel
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(4): 238-244
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130608045519

  • Comparing the borderline group and borderline regression approaches to setting Objective Structured Clinical Examination cut scores
    Katharine Jane Reid, Agnes Dodds
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2014; 2(1): 8-12
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130921013523

  • Most Cited Articles
  • The relationship between spirituality and burnout among medical students
    Amy Wachholtz, MaiLan Rogoff
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(2): 83-91
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130104060612
    Cited : 19 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Perceptions of Personalized Medicine in an Academic Health System: Educational Findings
    Allison Vorderstrasse, Sara Huston Katsanis, Mollie A Minear, Nancy Yang, Tejinder Rakhra-Burris, Jason W Reeves, Robert Cook-Deegan, Geoffrey S Ginsburg, Leigh Ann Simmons
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2015; 3(1): 14-19
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20150408050414
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Building a theoretically grounded model to support the design of effective non-technical skills training in healthcare: The SECTORS model
    Morris Gordon
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(2): 77-82
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20121217125557
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Health literacy practices of physicians and patient care personnel in a hospital setting
    Kadriye O. Lewis, Joan E Morgan, Lihshing Leigh Wang, Kathleen Calderon, Jennifer Rammel, Murat Ozer
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2014; 2(4): 204-212
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20141122081418
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The impact of gender and English language on the academic performance of students: An experience from new Saudi medical school
    Najwa Al-Mously, Raneem Salem, Nasser Al-Hamdan
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(3): 170-176
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130226121358
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation of high school exam grades with study success at a German medical school
    Ozan Yüksel Tektas, Cornelia Fiessler, Andreas Mayr, Winfried Neuhuber, Friedrich Paulsen
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(3): 157-162
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130311114703
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Medical students' perception on anatomy knowledge relevance and retention during clerkship
    Nihal Mohamed Nabil, Najwa Al-Mously, Shahad AlWathnani, Asrar Abduldaiem, Hadeel Al-Issa
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2014; 2(3): 147-151
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20140928035119
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Assessment of Emotional Intelligence in Pediatric and Med-Peds Residents
    Ramzan Shahid, Jerold Stirling, William Adams
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2016; 4(4): 153-158
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20170116015415
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • What do students perceive as fair oral examinations in the field of anatomy?
    Sabine Löffler, Christine Feja, Thomas Schröder
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2013; 1(2): 119-125
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20130110114408
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Why a teacher centered medical school curriculum may result in a poor educational environment?
    Eiad Abdelmohsen AlFaris, Naghma Naeem , Sean McAleer, Riaz Qureshi, Cees van der Vleuten, Farhana Irfan , Amr Jamal
    J Contemp Med Edu. 2014; 2(2): 85-90
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/jcme.20140620013233
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]